Mechanical Engineering

N. K. Anand
Associate Dean for ResearchDwight Look College of Engineering, James and Ada Forsyth Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Office: 308 Mechanical Engineering Office Building
Phone: 979-845-5633 Fax: 979-845-3081
Research Web Page

Curriculum Vita

Interest Areas

Research: Condensation Heat Transfer, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, NumericalTechniques, Heat Exchangers, Porous media, and aerosols.
Teaching: Engineering Analysis, Thermodynamics, Principles of Energy Analysis in Buildings,Applications of Energy Management, Heat Transfer, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow and Intermediate Heat Transfer.

  • Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University 1983
  • M.S. Mechanical Engineering, Kansas State University 1979
  • B.E. Mechanical Engineering, Bangalore University, India 1978

Dr. Anand’s research activities are in the areas of heat transfer and aerosols. His past and current research sponsors include the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (TATRP and ERAP), EG&G Rocky Flats, ASHRAE, NASA Center for Space Power,U.S. D.O.E-NETL, ANUIES-Mexico, and King Fahd University, Saudi Arabia.

Dr. Anand has made contributions in both the heat transfer and aerosol fields. These include the numerical modeling of conjugate heat transfer with applications to cooling of electronic equipment, heat transfer in serpentine channels, condensation of non-CFC refrigerants in smooth horizontal tubes, and modeling of transport of aerosols through sampling lines. The current focus of Dr. Anand’s research is simulation of mixed convection over a 3-D horizontal backward facing step, heat transfer over a flat tube bundles, and heat transfer in 2D and 3-D channels with porous baffles.


Implicit Runge Kutta Methods to Simulate Unsteady Incompressible Flows:
M. Ijaz and N.K. Anand

A Semi Implicit Pressure Linked Equations Diagonally Implicit Runge Kutta (SIMPLE DIRK) method for transient incompressible viscous flow simulation is developed. The proposed method can be used to achieve arbitrarily high order of accuracy in time-discretization which is otherwise limited to second order in majority of the currently available simulation techniques. A special class of implicit Runge-Kutta methods is used for time discretization in conjunction with finite volume based SIMPLE algorithm. The algorithm was tested by solving for velocity field in a lid-driven square cavity. This method was developed for both staggered and co-located grid lay outs.

Mixed Convection Over a 3-D Backward Facing Step:
A finite volume code was developed to simulate mixed convection over a conducting horizontal backward facing step. Simulations were carried out for Re=200 and Ri (Richardson number) was varied from 0 to 3. The buoyancy effects on a flow over a backward facing step were found to move the edge of the recirculation zone further upstream. Numerical results may serve as benchmark for future work.

Heat Transfer over a Flat Tube Bundle:
Flat tubes are preferred to circular tubes in heat exchanger applications because: (a) larger heat transfer contact area and (b) less vibration due to smaller downstream recirculation bubble. A finite volume based code was developed to predict heat transfer over a flat tube bank. An algebraic technique was used to generate the body fitted grid and problem was solved in terms of contra-variant variables. The code validated by comparing results for flow over a series of circular cylinders confined in a parallel plate channel.


Undergraduate Academic Standing 4/200, Bangalore University, 1978;
Fellow of Mechanical Engineering,
80-81, Purdue University; Exxon Faculty Assistance Grant 86-87, Texas A&M University;
Exxon Faculty Assistance Grant 85-86, Texas A&M University;
ASME Membership Development Achievement Award, 86-87, Brazos Section;
J.G.H. Thompson Award for Excellence in Teaching, awarded by Pi Tau Sigma, May 1, 1989,
Texas A&M University;
Member, Sigma Xi, 1992; Outstanding Graduate Teaching Award, September 29, 1994,
The Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University;
Elected as a Fellow of ASME, November 1996;
Northtrop Grumman Faculty Fellow, 97-98, College of Engineering, Texas A&M University;
TEES Fellow, 98-99, College of Engineering, Texas A&M University;
TEES Fellow, 99-00, College of Engineering, Texas A&M University;
The Association of Former Students Texas A&M University Faculty Distinguished Achievement in
Teaching Award, 2001;
Charles W. Crawford Service Award, 2006;
James and Ada Forsyth Professorship, 2007

Recent Refereed Journal Publications (Total: 69):
  • H.M.S. Bahaidarah, M. Ijaz, and N.K. Anand “A Numerical Study of Flow and Heat Transfer Over a Series of In-Line Non-Circular Tubes Confined in a Parallel Plate Channel,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B, Vol. 50, pp. 97-119, 2006.
  • M. Ijaz and N.K. Anand, “Simulation of Unsteady Incompressible Viscous Flow Using Higher Order Implicit Runge-Kutta Methods-Staggered Grid,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part B, Vol. 52, pp. 471-488, 2007.
  • M. Ko and N.K. Anand, “Numerical Simulation of Three-Dimensional Combined Convective Radiative Heat Transfer-A Finite Volume Technique,” International Journal for Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics, Vol. 8, pp. 429-437, 2007.
  • J.G. Barbosa Saldana and N.K. Anand, “Flow Over a Three-Dimensional Horizontal Forward-Facing Step”, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, Vol. 53, pp. 1-17, 2008.
  • M. Ko and N.K. Anand, “Three-Dimensional Combined Convective Radiative Heat Transfer over a Horizontal Backward-Facing Step- A Finite Volume Method”, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, Vol. 54, pp. 109-129, 2008.
  • J.D. MlCak, N.K. Anand, and M.J. Rightley, “Three-Dimensional Laminar Flow and Heat Transfer in a Parallel Array of Microchannels Etched on a Substrate,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 51, pp. 5182-5191, 2008.
  • M. Ijaz and N.K. Anand, “Co-located Variables Approach Using Implicit Runge-Kutta Methods for Unsteady Incompressible Flow Simulation,” Accepted for publication in Numerical Heat Transfer.